Firstly through the Environmental provisions* Linked to the 2016 Stability Law and then with the New Code of Public Contracts** , the Green Public Procurement (GPP) has become a compulsory tool in the field of the public procurements of goods, services and works contracts.
The GPP is the basic approach followed when the “public administrations complement the environmental criteria in all the phases of the purchase, thus promoting the distribution of environmental technologies and the development of valid products at environmental level, through the research and the selection of solutions with the lowest possible impact on environment over the entire lifecycle”.
As established by the National Action Plan for the GPP***, the Ministry of Environmenthas defined the Criteri Ambientali Minimi (CAM, Minimum Environmental Criteria) at national level, which can be found on the dedicated website. Among these, there are numerous specific criteria addressed to the purchase of goods, services and supplies connected to the energetic refurbishment of the public properties, includedthe following CAMs:
8 Building, 9. Public lighting, 14. Energy services for building (lighting, air-conditioning).
In order to contribute to the national objectives of the GPP, the Contracting Authorities are required to include in the tender documentations at least the “technical specifications” and the “contract terms” contained in the CAM.
Furthermore, they must specify the awarding criteria for the awarding of the contract, through the criterion of the most advantageous offer and so, in the evaluation, the word “price” is replaced by the word “cost”, including the costs related to the purchasing, the use (of energy consumption and of other resources, maintenance costs, costs related to the collection and recycling) as well as the costs ascribed in environmental externalities linked to products, services or works in the lifecycle, whether their monetary value can be determined and verified.
Some space for the discretion of the Public Administration is left in case the contracts concern interventions of renovation in the building sector, for which the CAM must be adopted “as far as possible”.
In case of EPC contracts the CAMs are particularly significant.
The main objective is to boost the market of the EE and ensure higher environmental quality levels, both for the qualifications of the operators and for the works, services and provisions required by the Public Administrations.
It will be very interesting to find out how industry players / business operators
will react in the nearest future. It is for sure that the EnerSHIFT project will be among the first ones to apply in the tender the regulation on GPP that entered into force with the law of 2016.
Further information and materials are available below (in Italian)
The materials have been realised by PUNTO 3 within the “4’’ ore GPP” project.
*Artt. 16-19 of Collegato Ambientale , Law 221/215.
** D.lgs 50, 18 April 2016, in particular article 34 as corrected by D.lgs of 19 April 2017, n. 56.
*** Il PAN GPP approved with Decreto Interministerialee 135 of 11 April 2008, then updated through Decreto April 2013.